Being a family caregiver for a loved one with dementia is very demanding. As many as 90 percent of caregivers caring for people who have dementia say their loved one exhibits behavior that is worrisome or challenging for them. If you’re wondering if the behaviors you’re seeing from your loved one are typical of seniors with dementia, The Family Caregiver Alliance has found these behaviors to be commonly found as a guide to dementia:

Wandering

People with dementia walk seemingly aimlessly for various reasons, such as boredom, medication side effects, or to look for “something” or someone. They also may be trying to fulfill a physical need—thirst, hunger, a need to use the toilet or exercise.

Incontinence

The loss of bladder or bowel control often occurs as dementia progresses. Sometimes accidents result from environmental factors; for example, someone can’t remember where the bathroom is located or can’t get to it in time.

Agitation

Agitation refers to various behaviors associated with dementia, including irritability, sleeplessness, and verbal or physical aggression. Often these types of behavior problems progress with the stages of dementia, from mild to more severe.

Agitation may be triggered by a variety of things, including environmental factors, fear, and fatigue. Most often, agitation is triggered when the person experiences “control” being taken from them.

Repetitive speech or actions

People with dementia often repeat a word, statement, question, or activity repeatedly. While this behavior is usually harmless for the person with dementia, it can be annoying and stressful to caregivers. Sometimes the behavior is